Lunes, 20 Noviembre, 2017

Study identifies link between e-cigarette and tobacco use in school children

Study identifies link between e-cigarette and tobacco use in school children Study identifies link between e-cigarette and tobacco use in school children
Danilo Martir | 18 Agosto, 2017, 14:26

Researchers found that more than half of daily e-cigarette users had quit smoking in the last five years compared to just 28 per cent of adults who had never tried vaping.

A British study into smoking and e-cigarette use among United Kingdom teenagers has produced mixed results, prompting scientists to caution against altering policy decisions or public health advice until evidence becomes clearer.

But it was strongly associated with e-cigarette use, particularly among those without friends who smoked-a group usually thought to be less vulnerable to taking up smoking. They wanted to see if there was an association between e-cigarette use and an increase in tobacco use. The students from 20 United Kingdom schools were asked about their smoking habits, and then again 1 year later.

"It seems unlikely that e-cigarette use by young people is causing more of them to smoke because smoking rates in this age group now are declining at least as fast as they were before e-cigarettes started to become popular", West said.

The teenagers were asked about their e-cigarette and cigarette use, their socioeconomic background, their beliefs about smoking and whether they had friends and family who smoked.

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The research, published online in the British Medical Journal's specialised Tobacco Control journal on Thursday, suggested there may be evidence e-cigarettes could be leading United Kingdom teenagers to try tobacco smoking.

"Which came first - and why - might simply be a matter of chance, rather than anything else", said Bauld.

As per the official statistics, among young people, there is an increase in the usage of e-cigarettes and decrease in the usage of cigarettes; this is contradictory to the findings of this study, says Prof.

And as students self-reported their use, it's possible that some may not have given accurate answers.

Lead author Daniel Giovenco at the Mailman School of Public Health said that the findings suggest that frequent e-cigarette use may play an important role in cessation or relapse prevention for some smokers.

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But the researchers call for caution in interpreting the survey data on which the findings are based: while vaping prevalence has increased in the United Kingdom, smoking prevalence has continued to fall, they point out. Out of the 248 participants who had tried an e-cigarette, 60 children (24%) were identified with an increase in cigarette smoking, while 9 out of the 70 children (13%), who had not tried an e-cigarette the same.

It is illegal in the United Kingdom to sell e-cigarettes to under-18s. A third had used an e-cigarette. But as a relatively new technology, no long-term studies have been carried out to accurately assess the effects on health.

The survey data was collected as part of an observational study.

"Given the lack of clarity regarding the mechanism linking e-cigarette and cigarette use, we need to be cautious in making policy recommendations based on our findings, " they insist.

Volkswagen acuerda aumento salarial de 6.5% con sindicato
De acuerdo con un comunicado, frente a lo anterior, la solicitud del Sindicato se redujo a 9 .5% de aumento salarial . La parte patronal comenzó con un aumento del 2 por ciento directo al salario.

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